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Glossary

Crystals (X´TAL)

Crystals can take many different shapes in urine. They are formed if urine solutes – such as inorganic salts or organic compounds – precipitate. Most of the time, crystals are not significant for clinical findings unless the patient has metabolic disorders, calculus formation (also called ‘urolithiasis’), or if medication needs to be regulated. The most important crystals in this context are cystine, tyrosine, leucine and cholesterol.

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