Sysmex Europe

PA-100 AST System

Antibiotic susceptibility testing for near-patient settings

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common bacterial infections and also one of the driving causes of antibiotic prescription worldwide. Proper antibiotic prescription is generally achieved by performing urine cultures and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) at the microbiology laboratory.

UTI patients are generally treated by their GP. Due to the limited availability of point-of-care diagnostics, empiric treatment is standard in many settings. Due to the high incidence of the disease, empiric UTI treatment fuels antimicrobial resistance (AMR). [1]

The PA-100 AST System is an automated analyser that combines phase contrast microscopy and nanofluidics to make available antibiograms, for the first time, at the point of care (POC). By using ground-breaking technology, we can achieve the most advanced phenotypic diagnostic performance possible.

Longitude Prize Winner for AMR

In response to the growing public health threat of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR), often referred to as antibiotic resistance or superbugs, Sysmex’s PA-100 AST System was awarded the prestigious £8 million Longitude Prize on AMR. Established in the 18th century by the British Parliament, the Longitude Prize has a rich history of incentivising scientific breakthroughs to address critical challenges.

Today, the Longitude Prize continues this legacy by focusing on pressing global issues, with the AMR iteration aiming to stimulate the creation of rapid and accurate point-of-care diagnostic tests. The PA-100 AST System aligns perfectly with this goal, functioning as a rapid point-of-care diagnostic test that allows for swift identification of bacterial pathogens and targeted antibiotic selection. This innovation has the potential to improve antibiotic stewardship and mitigate the emergence of AMR.


More details

Rethinking routine antibiotic susceptibility testing

The PA-100 AST System relies on nanofluidics to perform rapid AST. The PA-AST Panel is equipped with a nanofluidic chip, which contains 11.000 nanochannels. The sample is flushed through the chip and single bacterial cells are trapped in individual channels. Larger cellular components are filtered to keep them out of the nanofluidic chip.

Bacteria are incubated in Mueller Hinton Broth II and exposed to various conditions: five different antibiotics, including several concentrations, are tested simultaneously. Cell growth is monitored in real time using contrast phase microscopy. Resistant bacteria keep a higher growth rate during incubation, while susceptible ones grow slowly or lyse. An expert software performs an automatic presumptive species identification of the bacterial strain and provides an easy to interpret antibiogram after assay completion.

This way, the PA-100 AST System provides an easy to use solution. We believe this analyser is suitable for GP practices, emergency departments (ED) and other near-patient settings.

Targeted antibiotic treatment in 45 minutes

Due to the uniqueness of the single cell analysis set up, the PA-100 AST System measures the actual (expressed) resistance profile. This data is analysed to provide an antibiogram based on the phenotypic AST profile of the bacterial strain tested. The results are generated as fast as the biological response of the bacterial strain to the antibiotic.

Five commonly prescribed antibiotics for the treatment of uncomplicated UTI are tested in the PA-AST Panel U-0501: amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, ciprofloxacin, fosfomycin, nitrofurantoin and trimethoprim.

The system has been calibrated to evaluate the resistance profile of bacteria based on the EUCAST standards (clinical breakpoint tables). The results are displayed automatically upon assay completion as a regular antibiogram, indicating resistance based on the S/I/R system (Susceptible/Susceptible – Increased exposure/Resistant).

The PA-100 AST System has been evaluated with the most common uropathogenic bacterial species in uncomplicated UTI:

  • Gram negative: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Proteus mirabilis
  • Gram positive: Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Enterococcus faecalis

AST at the POC

The PA-100 AST System has been designed to provide a user-friendly solution for the POC.

Unlike the conventional AST workflow in urinalysis, this system does not require a urine culture previous to the AST. Native, fresh urine is directly pipetted into the PA-AST Panel U-0501. No sample pre-treatment is required, making the PA-100 AST System suitable for POC settings.

Support your UTI diagnostic decisions and antibiotic treatment selection, with minimum hands-on time and no microbiology training. All this right at the point of need, outside of the microbiology laboratory environment.


[1] Friedman ND, Temkin E, Carmeli Y. (2016): The negative impact of antibiotic resistance. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 22(5), 416-422.

[2] World Health Organization. (2016): Diagnostic stewardship: a guide to implementation in antimicrobial resistance surveillance sites (No. WHO/DGO/AMR/2016.3).

Technical specifications

The PA-100 System comprises two main elements

Main analyser PA-100
Measurement principle Phase contrast microscopy
Sample volume 400 µL
Time to result
  • Bacteriuria: 15 min
  • AST: 30-45 min
  • Total analysis time: 30-45 min
Display 4,3” Resistive Touch Screen LCD
Maintenance Maintenance-free
Memory 500 results (including AST)
Quality control System performance: PA Control Beads
Connectivity USB, External printer (optional) LIS (POCT1-A)
Accessories Barcode reader (included) WiFi dongle (optional)
Dimensions 200 x 220 x 360 mm (W x H x D)
Weight 13 kg

Single use cartridge

Single use sample cartridge PA-AST Panel U-0501
Sample type Fresh native urine (not older than 30 minutes)
Sample volume 400 µL
Bacterial growth medium Mueller Hinton Broth II
Tested on five bacterial species E. coli, P. mirabilis, K. pneumoniae, S. saprophyticus, E. faecalis
Antibiogram for five antibiotics Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, ciprofloxacin, fosfomycin, nitrofurantoin, trimethoprim
Contact us
You have a question and would like to get in touch with our experts? We look forward to receiving your enquiry.

Sysmex Europe SE

Bornbarch 1

22848 Norderstedt


+49 (40) 527 26 0

+49 (40) 527 26 100


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